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Friday, January 27, 2012

How to say hello in German



German Greetings:

Guten Morgen!=  Good morning!
Morgen! = Morning! (abbreviation of "Guten Morgen")
Guten Tag! = Good afternoon! 
Guten Abend! = Good evening!
Hi! = Hi!

When and how to use the above-mentioned German greetings:

"Guten Morgen", "Guten Tag"and "Guten Abend" could be said to everybody. Don´t use the abbreviation "Morgen" in written German. It will be normally marked as a mistake - so use it just for spoken German. Use the German greetings "Hi! Hallo! Grüß dich! Servus! and Grüezi! just for people you know very well, e.g. your friends. "Grüß Sie" ist the German polite form (Höflichkeitsform) of "Grüß dich".  This could be said to everybody - but don´t use it in written German.


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The German polite form (die Höflichkeitsform):

"Du" = You (singular): Used for people you know very well, e.g. friends, relatives, etc.
"Sie" = You (singular or plural): Used for people you don´t know very well or as a sign of respect, e.g. elderly, your boss, business partners, etc.

5 comments :

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  2. Vielen Dank! and congratulation for your new blog.
    What does "Mach's gut" mean literally?

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  3. Thank you for joining us. Literally Mach´s gut would be ´do it well´, from machen = to do and gut = good, well.

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  4. Vielen Dank! also dann warum mann sagt "Mach's gut" nicht "Mach's gute" like "Alles gute"? I mean what is the difference between "gut" and "gute"?

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  5. The ending of an adjective depends on the gender of the noun, so you will have for definite articles:

    der gute Man(male, singular)
    die gute Frau (female, singular)
    das gute Kind (neuter, singular)
    die guten Menschen(plural)

    indefinite article:

    ein guter Man(male, singular)
    eine gute Frau (female, singular)
    ein gutes Kind (neuter, singular)
    gute Menschen(plural)

    By the way, here in Alles Gute!=all the best, das Gute is a noun and it means the good thing, or what is good.

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