Guten Morgen!= Good morning!
Morgen! = Morning! (abbreviation of "Guten Morgen")
Guten Tag! = Good afternoon!
Guten Abend! = Good evening!
Hi! = Hi!
"Guten Morgen", "Guten Tag"and "Guten Abend" could be said to everybody. Don´t use the abbreviation "Morgen" in written German. It will be normally marked as a mistake - so use it just for spoken German. Use the German greetings "Hi! Hallo! Grüß dich! Servus! and Grüezi! just for people you know very well, e.g. your friends. "Grüß Sie" ist the German polite form (Höflichkeitsform) of "Grüß dich". This could be said to everybody - but don´t use it in written German.
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The German polite form (die Höflichkeitsform):
"Du" = You (singular): Used for people you know very well, e.g. friends, relatives, etc.
"Sie" = You (singular or plural): Used for people you don´t know very well or as a sign of respect, e.g. elderly, your boss, business partners, etc.